Despite being a rather specialized topic, the poll attracted over 320 votes. Since there were fewer choices here (even with write-ins, only about 40), I'm going to list only the top ten by way of results, though the full results are available.
|1. Henry Allison (Condorcet winner: wins contests with all other choices)|
|2. Paul Guyer loses to Henry Allison by 122–90|
|3. Allen Wood loses to Henry Allison by 125–79, loses to Paul Guyer by 126–74|
|4. Karl Ameriks loses to Henry Allison by 145–51, loses to Allen Wood by 107–85|
Lewis White Beck loses to Henry Allison by 143–55, loses to Karl Ameriks by 89–82
Dieter Henrich loses to Henry Allison by 134–62, loses to Karl Ameriks by 91–84
|7. P.F. (Peter) Strawson loses to Henry Allison by 150–53, loses to Lewis White Beck by 98–81|
|8. Michael Friedman loses to Henry Allison by 149–45, loses to P.F. (Peter) Strawson by 91–84|
|9. Beatrice Longuenesse loses to Henry Allison by 160–36, loses to Michael Friedman by 87–70|
|10. Christine Korsgaaard loses to Henry Allison by 161–51, loses to Beatrice Longuenesse by 91–82|
Ignoring the ordinal order, this is a fairly plausible top ten. (Not far outside the top ten were Onora O'Neill, Eckart Forster, Frederick Beiser, and Barbara Herman.) An amusing aside, however, about the peculiarities of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences: every philosopher in the top ten is (or was) an elected member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences except for Henry Allison. Indeed, it looks like the top ten in all the prior polls are (or were) elected members, with the exception of #7 in epistemology, Ed Gettier. Certainly the #1 philosopher in all the other polls has been an elected member. Now perhaps the explanation for this is just that those voting here are less discerning than the members of the Academy when it comes to Kant scholarship. The other possibility is that Allison just lacks the right friends: after all, he took his PhD at the New School, and spent his entire career largely outside highly ranked departments (though UC San Diego towards the end of his tenure there became a very strong program overall).
Comments are open for discussion of the results. Remember that only scholars who did their major work in the post-WWII period and, in the case of living scholars, who are over 60 were included in the poll.